What is Landscaping?

Florence Landscaping is an art and science that involves modifying natural outdoor features. It includes adding plants, changing the terrain, and constructing structures.


Beautiful landscaping enhances a home or business and can increase property value. But it requires regular maintenance. Here are some tips to keep your landscape looking its best.

Color is a powerful component of landscape design that has the ability to transform your yard into an artistic work of nature. Using the principles of color theory, homeowners can utilize colors to evoke specific emotions and create visual focal points in their landscapes. Colors can also be used to enhance space and perspective, establish harmony and balance, embrace seasonal transitions and promote relaxation and wellness.

Color theory uses three main properties to describe a color: hue, value and intensity. Hue is the purity of a color, while value describes how light or dark a color is. Lastly, intensity refers to how saturated a color is. Highly saturated colors are vibrant and eye-catching, while desaturated or neutralized colors are more subdued and subtle.

Understanding the principles of color will help you select the right flowers, plants and materials for your landscaping project. You can use a color wheel to guide your selections and help you find complementary colors that look harmonious together. The color wheel also explains analogous and monochromatic color schemes, as well as how to utilize different shades, tints and tones of a single color to add depth and complexity to your design.

Using the color wheel will allow you to choose flowering plants that match the colors of your house, fencing, hardscapes and the surrounding environment. You can also experiment with various shades, tints and tones of your favorite flowers to see how they work together. This can highlight the textures and forms of plants and structures, as well as draw attention to any contrasting features of your landscape. You can even try a monochromatic color scheme to achieve the same effect by utilizing varying shades of one color in your plantings.


Landscapers use form to create a sense of balance and unity in the garden or yard. This is accomplished by manipulating the shapes of plants like trees and shrubs, as well as structures like retaining walls or water features. Form can also be expressed through the repetition of a specific shape or pattern throughout the design. A strong sense of form can make a landscape design stand out and become memorable.

Landscape designers also consider scale when planning a project. Scale refers to the size of plants and structures in relation to each other as well as to your home and the overall property. When designing a landscape, it is important to consider how large or small the various plants and structures will be when they are full-grown so that they will create a balanced look.

Another element that can be used in the creation of a balanced landscape is rhythm. This is the repetition of specific shapes, patterns or sequences throughout a landscape. Repetition of certain elements can add a sense of consistency and order to the design, but it is important to avoid overusing an element or it may become monotonous.

Finally, lines can be used to create a directional flow for the eye within a landscape. Lines can be straight and structural, which can yield a formal character and symmetrical balance; or they can be curved, which can give the design a more natural and relaxed feel.

Landscaping professionals use these concepts and more to plan all kinds of open spaces, including yards, parks, golf courses and other commercial or public properties. By understanding the importance of these basic principles, homeowners can create landscapes that are as beautiful as they are functional.

Focal Point

Whether it is a flamboyant tree, a bench, a piece of garden art or a water feature, focal points capture your attention and then lead your eyes around the landscape. Without a focal point, you may find yourself getting lost in the details or confused about the design and features of your landscaping. Focal points also help define the space and tell a story.

Focal points can be inanimate objects or living plants, but if you add something that is new to the landscape, it can be the main attraction for visitors and guests. These can include structures like pergolas, arches or gates; a water feature; or even a sculpture, bench or bird bath.

A garden statue is a simple, but striking, focal point that is easy to maintain and adds interest to the walkway and plants. A fountain, on the other hand, can serve as a more dramatic and impactful focal point if it is the first thing you see when entering your backyard.

Large gardens can have multiple focal points that are combined into a single landscape design, but it is important to remember that too many can create a cluttered look. A landscape designer can assist you in creating the perfect balance between major and minor focal points so that your landscape is cohesive and flows seamlessly from one area to the next.

Matching Hardscaping

Hardscapes are the man-made elements in a landscape that include things such as pavers, pathways, retaining walls, patios, and fences. They are usually contrasted with softer landscaping elements like plants, shrubs, and flowers. While it is true that both softscaping and hardscaping are a part of the larger discipline of landscaping, they have their own unique skills, issues, and requirements. It is important to understand the difference between the two, and how they can work together to create a beautiful, functional outdoor space.

When planning your hardscaping, it is important to match the color and texture of the human-made elements with the natural surroundings. This will help the different environments blend seamlessly, and make them feel like they were designed for each other. For example, a stone walkway can be framed by low-spreading blue-needle conifers that drape over the wall, creating a soft transition between the walking surface and the ground cover.

Another aspect of matching hardscaping with the landscaping is selecting materials that match your design preferences and budget. Natural stone is a popular choice for hardscaping, as it provides a rustic and organic look that complements many different types of landscaping. Concrete is also an excellent option for those who want a clean, modern design. It can be stamped, colored, and stained in a variety of ways, and is durable enough to stand up to the harshest weather conditions.

It is also important to consider the maintenance of your hardscaping and landscaping. If you choose a material that requires a lot of care and attention, you will need to devote a significant amount of time to keeping it looking its best. If, on the other hand, you opt for a more low-maintenance material, like a gravel pathway, then you will be able to spend less time maintaining it, and more time enjoying it.


Landscape design is the beginning of a beautiful property, but maintenance brings it to life and keeps it looking pristine throughout the year. Maintenance involves a variety of services such as pruning, mulching, mowing, edging and fertilization. It also includes tree care, shrub and hedge maintenance and weed control.

This includes the removal of invasive species, diseased or dead plants, and insect infestations. It also covers the use of herbicides, deer repellents and rodent traps. Another aspect of landscape maintenance is ensuring that the soil is properly tested and fertilized. This can help reduce the amount of chemicals and water needed to maintain a healthy plant population.

In addition to mowing, edging and fertilizing, maintenance can also include aeration of the lawn and overseeding cool-season grasses. It can also involve the installation of new trees or shrubs, hedging and flower beds. Finally, it can include water audits and irrigation testing and repairs.

Often times, people confuse landscape maintenance and management. It’s important to understand the difference between these two concepts so that you know what you’re getting in your contract. A manager will examine underlying problems that may be affecting the condition of your landscape and work to solve them. A maintenance company will focus on keeping your landscape in a certain look and executing the initial plan that you’ve set out. Be sure to clarify what you need in your contract so that you don’t request management when you only require maintenance. This will save you money in materials and person-hours. Also, be sure to outline stumbling blocks that your landscapers might encounter so that they can prepare for them in advance. For example, if there are particular spots on the property that are difficult to mow or where debris tends to collect frequently, make sure this is noted.